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FAO: H5N1 situation update West Africa

FAO: H5N1 situation update West Africa


3 September, 2015

Disease situation by country
Number of outbreaks to date: 483 (470 farms, 10 LBM, 1 zoological garden); 1.7 billon poultry at risk with 138,000 reported mortalities and 1.5 million depopulated bird.
States affected: Kano, Lagos, Ogun, Rivers, Delta, Plateau, Edo, Gombe, Imo, Oyo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Bauchi, Zamfara, Katsina, Sokoto, Anambra, Nassarawa, Enugu, Abia; Ika North local government area (LGA) in Lagos state has reported an outbreak for the first time, increasing the number of affected LGAs to 81 Outbreaks reported since last update (19 August 2015): 8 (3 in Lagos State, 2 in Delta, 2 in Rivers, 1 in Gombe).

Côte d’Ivoire
Number of outbreaks to date: 7
Regions affected: Lagunes, Abidjam, Bassam, Bouaké
Official outbreaks since last update (19 August 2015): 1
· 28 000 birds have been destroyed
Compensation for farmers has been approved by the government but implementation is delayed
Culling officers face security issues, even when accompanied by law enforcement officers
Planned mission to Agnibiliékro (2nd largest poultry production region) for H5N1 HPAI awareness raising of poultry producers, veterinary officers, and local authorities
The Ministry of Animal Resources (MIRAH) has convened a technical committee on H5N1 to meet weekly, consisting of the minister, veterinary services (DSV), and FAO
Ongoing activities include:
Information sharing and sensitization of farmers and live bird vendors is planned by the poultry producers association
· Live bird market closure in Abidjan

No new outbreaks since 10 August, 2015
· Limited active surveillance in high-risk areas has yielded negative results based on clinical signs and laboratory testing.
As part of the surveillance activities 389 samples, mainly tracheal swabs, from birds entering LBM have been tested in the past 2 weeks (RT-PCR).
· Compensation for farmers agreed upon, however, funds have not yet made available

FAO Actions
· Currently FAO national consultants for Nigeria, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire are linking with the national veterinary service to receive timely update on the disease epidemiological situation as well as to coordinate FAO assistance in regard to the TCP activities.